Selamat Datang ke Borneo
(Welcome to Borneo)
The Borneo rainforest is 130 million years old, making it one of the oldest rainforests in the world. There are about 15,000 species of flowering plants with 3,000 species of trees (267 species are dipterocarps), 221 species of terrestrial mammals and 420 species of resident birds in Borneo. There are about 440 freshwater fish species in Borneo (about the same as Sumatra and Java combined). It is the centre of the evolution and distribution of many endemic species of plants and animals. The Borneo rainforest is one of the few remaining natural habitats for the endangered Bornean orangutan. It is an important refuge for many endemic forest species, including the Asian elephant, the Sumatran rhinoceros, the Bornean clouded leopard, the Hose's civet and the dayak fruit bat.
In 2010 the World Wide Fund for Nature stated that 123 species have been discovered in Borneo since the "Heart of Borneo" agreement was signed in 2007. The WWFN has classified the island into seven distinct ecoregions.
Most are lowland regions:Borneo lowland rain forests cover most of the island; Borneo peat swamp forests; Kerangas or Sundaland heath forests; Southwest Borneo freshwater swamp forests; and Sunda Shelf mangroves.
The Borneo montane rain forests lie in the central highlands of the island, above 1,000 metres elevation. The highest elevation of Mount Kinabalu with its over four thousand metres peak are home to the Kinabalu mountain alpine meadow, an alpine shrubland notable for its numerous endemic species, including many orchids. Here all types of tropical vegetation from the low land up to the high altitude make one of the most interesting lanscape. From the high altitudes to the marine life of famous Sipadan coral reef, Borneo has a unique beauty.