Myanmar

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Kyo So Par Ei Myanmar

(Welcome to Myanmar)

 

The Republic of the Union of Myanmar, is nestled on an area of 676,578 square kilometres between the eastern part of the Himalayan range and one uninterrupted coastline along the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea. It is the second largest country in Southeast Asia.

 

Much of the country lies between the Tropic of Cancer and the Equator and is a country of gentle hills, rugged Hymalian mountains, plains and beaches. The Himalayas mark the border with the Tibet highlands; thick teak forests clad the hills of the Golden Triangle where the Mekong river separeates Mynamar from Thailand and Laos; wide plains occupy the central part of the country, crossed by Ayeyarwaddy river. The Ayeyarwaddy waters end in the gulf of bengal with one neormous and rich of life delta.

 

Early civilizations in Burma included the Tibeto-Burman speaking Pyu in Upper Burma and the Mon in Lower Burma. In the 9th century, the Burmans of the Kingdom of Nanzhao entered the upper Irrawaddy valley and, following the establishment of the Pagan Empire in the 1050s, the Burmese language and culture slowly became dominant in the country. During this period, Theravada Buddhism gradually became the predominant religion of the country. The Pagan Empire fell due to the Mongol invasions (1277–1301), and several warring states emerged. In the second half of the 16th century, reunified by the Taungoo Dynasty, the country was for a brief period the largest empire in the history of Southeast Asia.The early 19th century Konbaung Dynasty ruled over an area that included modern Burma and briefly controlled Manipur and Assam as well. The British conquered Burma after three Anglo-Burmese Wars in the 19th century and the country became a British colony (a part of India until 1937 and then a separately administered colony). Burma became an independent nation in 1948, initially as a democratic nation and then, following a coup in 1962, a military dictatorship which formally ended in 2011.

 

Myanmar is a country rich in jade and gems, oil, natural gas and other mineral resources. It is home to several different languages including Burmese, Karen, Kachin, Chin, Shan. Mon, Palaung and Pali(the liturgical language of Theravada Buddhism).

 

The classical visit of Myanmar includes Yangon with the Shewadong Pagoda; Bagan with the complex of ancient temples; Mandalay (the last kingdom of Myanmar) and Inle Lake, famous for its scenic beauty.